[tarantool-patches] Re: [PATCH v1 1/1] lib: implement JSON tree class for json library

Konstantin Osipov kostja at tarantool.org
Sat Oct 6 15:37:14 MSK 2018

* Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev at gmail.com> [18/10/05 12:52]:
> There will be such a hash table in each root tuple_field object (it's
> not a part of the generic json tree infrastructure). It will be used to
> speed up data indexing. Why would we need to bother implementing lookup
> in a tree then? Because I assume we want to speed up lookups over all
> sub-paths, e.g. suppose we have a tuple

Why do we maintain a separate hash for tuple field names and json
paths within a tuple?

json paths are just a continuation of existing ways to access a
tuple field.

Looks like we need to rebuild existing implementation of field
names support, not add something on a side.

> t = {
>      {
>       customer = {
>        name = {
>         first = ...,
>         last = ...,
>        },
>        ...
>       }
>      },
>      ...
>     }
> Then we can lookup 'customer.name.first' in Lua using any of the
> following ways:
>   t['[1].customer.name.first']
>   t[1]['customer.name.first']
>   t[1].customer['name.first']
>   t[1].customer.name.first
>   etc
> I assume we want to use tuple field map so as to avoid msgpack decode
> whenever possible, not just for cases 1 or 2. Moreover, I guess
> t[1].customer.name.first will be more commonly used.

> We could of course store a hash table over all full paths in each
> intermediate node, but that would result in maintaining way too many
> hash entries, e.g. for a tuple field corresponding to 'customer', we
> would have to store all the following strings in the hash: 'name',
> 'name.first' and so on for other descendants. So I think that we only
> want to use the hash table for data indexing, i.e. when a field is
> looked up by full path like t[1]['customer.name.first']. For all other
> references we will split the path into nodes and descend down the tree
> to find the appropriate tuple field map slot.

I would try to create a single hash table for all possible paths,
including intermediate paths, and store it in the tuple format.

The hash table would store pointers to json tree nodes.

And I also think we need json tree nodes for top level fields -
they are just the same as intermediate fields.

I would also keep in mind that in the future we will automatically
flatten tuples according to a schema before storing in a space.

Flattening, from path access perspective, is simply a replacement
of one path with another  (foo.bar.baz -> [1][1][3]).

> Note, we need the tree in any case, even if we decide not to use it for
> lookups at all - it's necessary for building a tuple field map without
> unpacking the same prefix multiple times, e.g. if we have two indexed
> paths
>   a.b.c.d
>   a.b.c.e
> Then we want to decode 'a.b.c' only once, not twice. The tree helps
> achieve that.

OK, this is clear.

Konstantin Osipov, Moscow, Russia, +7 903 626 22 32
http://tarantool.io - www.twitter.com/kostja_osipov

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