[tarantool-patches] Re: [PATCH v1 1/1] sql: prevent executing crossengine sql

n.pettik korablev at tarantool.org
Mon Jul 23 21:06:13 MSK 2018

>>>>> 2. I strongly do not like these 3 checks.
>>>>> * space->id == 0 can be skipped, since begin_ro_stmt needs
>>>>> only space engine.
>>>>> * id != stat4/1 is a huge crutch that should be removed. The
>>>>> later will be dilapidated by any stat or tx manager change.
>>>>> I guess it is because of ANALYZE that scans spaces and then
>>>>> updates _stat1/4. But I can not understand, why it can not
>>>>> firstly read the samples from user spaces, commit ro, and
>>>>> secondly insert the samples into stats in another transaction.
>>>>> Besides, I believe, that user spaces and analyze ones should
>>>>> not be in a single transaction ever as former are actually
>>>>> system ones and should not be mixed with user spaces.
>>>>> Nikita, I appeal to you for onlooking. Is it possible to
>>>>> split ANALYZE in two transactions? How could Kirill do it?
>>>>> Besides there is another option, but IMHO it could seem even
>>>>> more flawed.
>>>> Why do you think so?
>>> I am afraid of additional 'if's for such internal thing.
>>>> Actually, I can’t come up with better solution:
>>>> when we start executing OP_AnalysisLoad we always start transaction
>>>> (member that issue with gathering statistics on region to make it consistent?
>>>> See sql_analysis_load()).
>>> I think that on insertion into analyze spaces we correctly start a
>>> transaction, and it is not for region usage only. As I remember,
>>> there were problems with stat spaces consistency if we update stat
>>> not in a transaction. Region is just a convenient benefit.
>> It is not an insertion: OP_AnalysisLoad executes SELECT from
>> stat spaces, and before those SELECTs we start transaction.
>>>> Mb we always can avoid calling txn_begin_ro_stmt() on system spaces?
>>> It is okay, but for ephemeral spaces too, it is not?
>> Then, I don’t understand why we can’t avoid calling it for any memtx space?
> Because when we start a transaction, we expect a kind of read-view,
> conflict resolving, serialization. But in a case of memtx we can not
> provide each of these things after a yield. So memtx and vinyl
> DDL/DML/DQL should not get in touch in a transaction.
> If a transaction touches vinyl, then yields are possible and memtx
> is unable to deal with them.
> For memtx txn_begin_ro_stmt only checks that engine is not changed.
> For vinyl txn_begin_ro_stmt does more - it creates vinyl-internal
> transaction object, remembers current read-view LSN etc.
>> As far as I see (before this patch) we don’t call txn_begin_ro_stmt() at all.
> And this is why we got the bug.
>>> On the parsing
>>> stage we know is the space system one or not. Besides, I think that if
>>> a user calls explicit "SELECT * FROM _space", we should begin ro,
>>> but not when we open an internal cursor (ephemeral, or to insert into
>>> stats or something). It looks like a good question for the server
>>> team chat - should be start read-only statements on explicit SELECT
>>> from a system space? Box API now does it (inside box_index_iterator()).
>>>> Quite similar to this issue might be CREATE TABLE AS SELECT
>>>> when it will be implemented. However, in this case we still can avoid
>>>> mixing user and system spaces within one transaction:
>>>> SELECT FROM source INSERT TO ephemeral
>>>> SELECT FROM ephemeral INSERT TO destination
>>> Then I do not understand why can not we do the same for ANALYZE:
>>> SELECT samples from different engines with no ro stmts;
>>> INSERT tuples into stat1/4;
>> Look how things happen:
>> 1. SELECT samples from different engines INSERT INTO ephemeral space
>> (It doesn’t matter with or without ro stmt since there is no active transaction);
>> 2. SELECT from ephemeral space INSERT INTO _stat spaces;
>> 3. START TX;
>> 4. SELECT FROM _stat space INSERT INTO tarantool data-dictionary
>> (i.e. fill index->def->opts->stat with current statistics);
> Then I did not get it. From your words, after step 3 we use only
> ephemeral spaces and stat1/4, but all of them are memtx. At the
> same time when I remove id != stat1/4 check from the Kirill's
> patch, I see errors about multi-engine transactions.

My initial thought after your explanation concerning txn_begin_ro_stmt() work
seems to be wrong. However, it really fails on execution sql_analysis_load():
The reason seems to be call of box_space_id_by_name().
I set br on diag_set():

  * frame #0: 0x00000001000d3d00 tarantool`diag_add_error(diag=0x0000000104800250, e=0x0000000104c90c68) at diag.h:172
    frame #1: 0x00000001000d3eab tarantool`txn_begin_in_engine(engine=0x000000010294ae80, txn=0x000000010480c038) at txn.c:160
    frame #2: 0x0000000100012e09 tarantool`txn_begin_ro_stmt(space=0x0000000104c85ba0, txn=0x000000010481edf8) at txn.h:264
    frame #3: 0x0000000100012c67 tarantool`::box_index_get(space_id=281, index_id=2, key="?M\x04\x01", key_end="\x04\x01", result=0x000000010481ee90) at index.cc:247
    frame #4: 0x00000001000db6f8 tarantool`::box_space_id_by_name(name="M", len=1) at box.cc:959
    frame #5: 0x000000010036fbde tarantool`analysis_loader(data=0x000000010481f130, argc=3, argv=0x000000011d809020, unused=0x000000011d809008) at analyze.c:1250
    frame #6: 0x000000010039fbdb tarantool`sqlite3_exec(db=0x0000000102d343f8, zSql="SELECT \"tbl\",\"idx\",\"stat\" FROM \"_sql_stat1\"", xCallback=(tarantool`analysis_loader at analyze.c:1242), pArg=0x000000010481f130, pzErrMsg=0x0000000000000000) at legacy.c:139
    frame #7: 0x000000010036f50c tarantool`sql_analysis_load(db=0x0000000102d343f8) at analyze.c:1734
    frame #8: 0x00000001003e7b25 tarantool`sqlite3VdbeExec(p=0x000000011d80c808) at vdbe.c:4778
    frame #9: 0x00000001003eb75c tarantool`sqlite3Step(p=0x000000011d80c808) at vdbeapi.c:570

One engine is memtx, another is sys view.
I guess it would be easy to fix: just use schema_find_id.

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